Valerian root is a medicinal herb that comes from the root of the Valeriana officinalis plant, a perennial plant native to Europe and Asia. It has been used for centuries as a natural remedy for various health conditions, including anxiety, insomnia, and stress.

Valerian root has several alternative names, including All-Heal, Amantilla, Fragrant Valerian, Garden Heliotrope, and Setwall. Its Latin name is Valeriana officinalis.

Valerian root contains several active compounds, including valerenic acid, valerenol, and valtrate. These compounds have sedative, anxiolytic, and antispasmodic properties, which make Valerian root a popular natural remedy for insomnia, anxiety, and stress.

Several studies have been conducted on the health benefits of Valerian root. One study found that Valerian root extract improved sleep quality in people with insomnia. Another study found that Valerian root extract reduced anxiety and stress levels in people with generalized anxiety disorder. However, more research is needed to confirm the effectiveness of Valerian root for these conditions.

The recommended dosage of Valerian root depends on the form in which it is taken. Valerian root is available in various forms, including capsules, tablets, teas, and tinctures. The typical dose of Valerian root extract is 300-900 mg, taken 30 minutes to two hours before bedtime for insomnia. For anxiety and stress, the typical dose of Valerian root extract is 50-100 mg, taken two to three times per day.

It is important to note that Valerian root may interact with certain medications, including sedatives and antidepressants. Therefore, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before taking Valerian root, especially if you are taking any medications or have any underlying health conditions.